Procedure: Work health and safety incident management
- an uncontrolled escape, spillage or leakage of a substance; or
- an uncontrolled implosion, explosion or fire; or
- an uncontrolled escape of gas or steam; or
- an uncontrolled escape of a pressurised substance; or
- electric shock; or
- the fall or release from a height of any plant, substance or thing; or
- the collapse, overturning, failure or malfunction of, or damage to, any plant that is required to be authorised for use in accordance with the regulations; or
- the collapse or partial collapse of a structure; or
- the collapse or failure of an excavation or of any shoring supporting an excavation; or
- the inrush of water, mud or gas in workings, in an underground excavation or tunnel; or
- the interruption of the main system of ventilation in an underground excavation or tunnel; or
- any other event prescribed by the regulations;
- a spill of more than 20 ALI (Annual Limit on Intake); or
- radioactive contamination on a person or clothing exceeding 50 Derived Work Limits (DWL); or
- above the International Nuclear and Radiological Event (INES) scale of an incident (Level 2).
- medical treatment within 48 hours of exposure to a substance; and includes any other injury or illness prescribed by the regulations but does not include an illness or injury of a prescribed kind.
- Any infection to which the carrying out of work is a significant contributing factor, including any infection that is reliably attributable to carrying out work that involves providing treatment or care to a person; contact with human blood or body substances; and/or handling or contact with animals, animal hides, skins, wool or hair, animal carcasses or animal waste products.
- The following occupational zoonoses contracted in the course of work involving handling or contact with animals, animal hides, skins, wool or hair, animal carcasses or animal waste products: Q fever; Anthrax; Leptospirosis; Brucellosis; Hendra Virus; Avian Influenza; or Psittacosis.
- This procedure applies to all workers and other personnel at workplaces under the management or control of the University.
- This procedure contains four parts:
- incident response;
- incident reporting;
- incident investigation; and
- identifying actions.
- When an incident occurs, everyone in the close vicinity of the incident location shall:
- remove themselves and others, if safe to do so, from the immediate danger;
- make the area safe as appropriate;
- report to their supervisor immediately.
- Supervisors of the location, activity or persons involved in the incident shall:
- provide assistance or seek additional help from key emergency personnel as appropriate (e.g. first aid officer);
- make the area safe if safe to do so;
- if the incident is a notifiable incident to Comcare or in doubt, call Associate Director Work Environment Group (WEG), via 02 6125 5208 immediately after being made aware of the incident. If unavailable, contact Manager WHS WEG via 02 6125 2193. Preserve the incident scene and do not disturb the incident scene until the Associate Director WEG direct to do so.
- if the incident is afterhours, contact University Security (02 6125 2249).
- University workers and students report incidents and hazards immediately to their supervisor and through Figtree within 48 hours with as much detail as possible without delay.
- Where a staff member is unable to report an incident due to incapacity, hospital stay, computer access issues etc., the supervisor or first aid officer or other colleagues should report in Figtree within 48 hours on their behalf and complete as much information as possible. When this is not possible please call the Work Environment Group (WEG) (02 6125 2193).
- When a notifiable incident has occurred it is very important that the incident scene is preserved and must not be disturbed for any reason following the emergency response.
- Scene preservation of a notifiable incident is the responsibility of the local area supervisor, following advice from the local area Safety Officer and a member of WEG. The scene cannot be returned until the Associate Director WEG has received confirmation from the respective Regulator (or police, emergency services agency or coroner) that it can be returned to operation.
- Where a single incident involves multiple people/casualties, it is only necessary to submit one incident report in Figtree. The form allows multiple names to be added or additional names can be added at a later date.
- University staff and students working at another workplace (e.g. CSIRO, another university) report incidents to the host organisation and to the University via their immediate supervisor and Figtree.
- All visitors and contractors report any incident or hazards that occur in University buildings or on University grounds. They should contact:
- their University supervisor/contact person;
- staff within the building or nearest building;
- responding first aid or security officers; or
- WEG (6125 2193).
Reporting notifiable incidents
- The Associate Director WEG notifies the Regulatory Authority immediately after confirming a notifiable incident occurring. Prior to notifying the regulator, approval from the Director of Human Resources must be obtained.
- A notifiable incident requires immediate notification by telephone and follow up in writing using the Regulator’s Online Incident Notification Form. This is to be completed by the Associate Director WEG or delegate.
- All records of incidents are kept in accordance with WHSMS Handbook Chapter 3.16 Section 3.16.3 Record Management.
- In the event of an injury to an employee that is considered compensable, WEG, rehabilitation case management team provide assistance and guidance to develop an injury management plan in accordance with the Rehabilitation Policy.
- All incidents is classified by a competent WHS Consultant from WEG in accordance with Table 1 and relevant investigators that are authorised to investigate incidents, if required.
Incident investigation required
Report Only or Not University’s incident
No investigation required.
Property damage, Traffic incidents, near-misses (not Level 4 near miss), First Aid Injury
Local Authorised Investigators
Local Authorised Investigators
Notifiable incidents including:
Investigation conducted by authorised investigators determined by WEG
Notifiable incidents including:
- Where an incident is determined as Level 4 or 5, it is to be forwarded to Associate Director WEG and/or the Director of Human Resources for confirmation of the rating and to appoint appropriate investigators.
- Legal advice is considered for medium and high category incidents or incidents likely to be compensable. The Associate Director WEG will advise following consultation with the Director of Human Resources and the Legal Office.
Incident investigation planning
- The Associate Director WEG or delegate assigns appropriate investigators with relevant competency to the incident investigation team as required based on the category of the incident.
Incident investigation data collection
- All data is referenced on the incident investigation reports and in Figtree. The incident investigation team collects the following data where possible:
- a summary of the scene of the incident and any evidence (security footage, photos, sketches), description of environmental factors at the time;
- a timeline leading up to the incident and immediately following the incident;
- a copy of any safe working tools in use at the time (such as safety working instructions, risk assessments, permits to work, relevant training records of persons involved, any manual or maintenance records for equipment involved, any material substance sheets for substances, any checklists);
- supervisor and witness statements; and
- any interviews conducted.
- Where an incident investigation is required, supervisors of the location, task or person injured/involved in the incident participate in the investigation interview.
- Any interviews conducted maintain confidentiality to the extent possible and focus on fact finding.
Incident investigation methodology
- Level 2 and 3 incident investigation is conducted using the Level 2-3 Incident Investigation Tool based on the five whys methodology to determine the root cause of incidents.
- Level 4-5 incident investigation is conducted using the Level 4-5 Incident Investigation Tool.
- The methodology is facilitated by a person with competency in these analysis techniques.
- Actions are generated by the incident investigation team in consultation with the workers in the area where the incident occurred to address any deficiencies identified from the root causes. Refer to the WHS actions procedure. The hierarchy of controls is used to ensure the actions address the highest level of practical controls. Refer to the WHS hazard management procedure. The actions are documented in the incident investigation report.
- If an action is relating to the failure of management system implementation, corrective actions are assigned directly to address the deficiency in accordance with various WHSMS Handbook Chapter guidance.
Endorsement/approval of findings from incident investigation
- WEG Consultants (HSE Coordinator) review the investigation reports in Figtree to assess if:
- appropriate investigation tool has been used, completed and attached;
- key facts contributing to the incident were accurate;
- root causes are accurate; and
- actions address the root causes.
- Authorised investigators ensure that feedback from HSE Coordinators of the incidents are incorporated into the investigation report, corrective actions and other documents.
- For Level 2-3 incident investigations, after approved by the HSE Coordinator, the reports can be released back to local areas. However, for Level 4-5 incidents, the incident investigation data is released back to the area until the Associate Director WEG is satisfied with the incident investigation report.
Communication of incidents and actions
- The Associate Director WEG communicates the lessons learned from incidents. This takes the form of a hazard alert or a memorandum on the incident. The locations that these communications are posted include WHS local noticeboards, the WEG website and minutes of WHS committee meetings.
- The Associate Director WEG communicates safety documents, i.e. Safety Alerts, Safety Awareness Bulletins, Hazard Alerts, Lessons Learned etc., to the University through the Director of Human Resources and the Safety Officer network representing each of the WHS committees in the governance structure. These documents are accessible on the WEG website.
- The Associate Director WEG communicates the findings from serious incident investigations to the University Audit and Risk Management Committee (ARMC) and/or the University Council on request from the Director of Human Resources via the Chief Operating Officer (COO).
- Serious incidents are reported in all WHS Council WHS Performance Reports by the Associate Director WEG.
Monitoring and review of incidents and actions
- School Directors, College Deans, General Managers and Division Directors monitor the progress of actions identified from incidents for closure in accordance with WHSMS Handbook Chapter 4.2 Corrective Actions and 4.3 Incident Investigations requirements.
- The Associate Director WEG include the system failure trends in the University Council Annual WHS Performance Report.
Training and competency requirements
- The facilitators of incident investigations have training in incident analysis techniques using the University prescribed incident investigation methodologies.
|Printable version (PDF)|
|Title||Work health and safety incident management|
|Purpose||This procedure describes how the Australian National University (ANU) investigates, reports and takes action when incidents and events (referred to in this procedure as incidents) occur following injuries, illness, hazards and other system failures with a potential to impact on health and safety.|
|Topic/ SubTopic||Health, Safety & Environment - Occupational Health & Safety|
|Effective Date||20 Jul 2020|
|Review Date||19 Jul 2023|
|Responsible Officer:||Director, Human Resources|
|Approved By:||Chief Operating Officer|
|Contact Area||Human Resources Division|
Work Health & Safety Act 2011
Work Health and Safety Regulations 2011
Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety (Consequential Amendments) Act 1998